a. The five ways are actual IMC; wear a view-limiting device; use a flight simulator (FFS), flight training device (FTD), or a BATD/AATD. Any combination is allowed. See InFO 15012.
b. False. The aircraft will break out into VMC and land according to 91.175 or execute a missed approach. Either way, the approach counts.
c. Unless being vectored to final or directed by ATC to a specified approach, a pilot must execute the entire IAP starting at an IAF or associated feeder route and fly the initial, intermediate and final segment of an IAP. The approach could be under the hood or in a simulator. Flying vectors to final approach counts.
b. Operating under BasicMed requires a pilot to be PIC. Before departure, the pilots must agree that the BasicMed pilot will be PIC for the flight. The safety pilot must have a current Flight Review, required endorsements and 90-day passenger currency. In other words, the safety pilot must indeed be legal as PIC and current to carry passengers.
a. No. The regulation calls only for logging the name of the safety pilot, not a signature. You can legally enter the pilot’s name.
a. Both pilots. The pilot flying logs PIC as the sole manipulator of the controls under 61.51(e)(1)(i). The safety pilot with an FAA medical, logs SIC as a required crewmember, or PIC when under BasicMed (by prior agreement).
b. False. Though not required, the FAA encourages pilots to practice transition from the final approach to the missed approach segment and fly the missed approach procedure for proficiency.
c. Under 61.51(g)(5), a person may use a Basic or Advanced ATD to satisfy instrument recency experience if a logbook or training record specifies the training device, time, and content. Although no instructor is required, a CFI or CFII can endorse recency of experience under 61.193(a)(7).
d. A BATD or AATD must have an unexpired letter of authorization (LOA) that specifies the period during which the device may be used for instrument training and currency. The LOA is usually posted in or on the device.
c. Simulated instrument conditions occur when a pilot uses a view-limiting device in an aircraft. It is not necessary to wear a hood in any simulator or training device.