Hook A Right … Twice

When a charted course shows twists and turns, its worth digging down to see the reason. Its also important to read and understand all the notes.

Perhaps its a bias from learning to fly in Colorado, but I never think of Pennsylvania as particularly mountainous. Yet mountain-dodging is what jumped to mind looking at the RNAV (GPS) Rwy 12 into Williamsport, PA (KIPT). Approach designers dont toss in a 26-degree turn at the final approach fix for no reason, nor do they allow another 16-degree turn from the final approach course to the runway-unless they have to.
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