Send me BRIEFINGS from IFR, FREE!

Weekly tips, technique and training from IFR.

Features August 2019 Issue

Reading the Fine Print

Reading the Fine Print

Approach charts are full of notes, symbols, and limitations that we must understand and follow. Going beneath the covers of all of that fine print can make us all better pilots.

Recently, we heard from a reader with a question about an approach into Carlisle, Pennsylvania (N94). The RNAV (GPS)-A approach has a final approach course thatís offset from the runway by around 12 degrees and a standard three-degree descent angle. Approaches are usually published with only circling minimums when the final approach course alignment relative to the runway exceeds 30 degrees (for most procedure types) or the descent angle is greater than 3.77 degrees (for Category C and below). Since neither of these reasons apply to this approach, why doesnít it have straight-in minimums?

To continue reading this article you must be a paid subscriber.

Subscribe to IFR Magazine

Get the next year of IFR Magazine for just $19.97. Get access to all articles published online. Features, reviews, lesson, quizzes - get it all.

That's a savings of more than $14 off the regular rate. Or double your savings and subscribe for 14 issues for just $39.94.

Get IFR Digital

Get 12 months of IFR DIGITAL for just $34. You get unlimited access to everything on the site including each monthly issue as a PDF.

Subscriber Log In

Forgot your password? Click Here.

Already subscribe but haven't registered for all the benefits of the website? Click here.