Weekly tips, technique and training from IFR.

Features February 2015 Issue

Are You Established?

"Maintain 2000 until established on the localizer." What exactly does "established" mean to the FAA? It's a simple question with a far from simple answer.

Debates are a mainstay of hangar-flying discussions. Those debates can become particularly compelling and energized when the weather is below minimums or the wind is sending small structures and the occasional passerby tumbling across the ramp. You’ll often hear conflicting statements from different pilots, many even beginning, “Well, the examiner on my last checkride said…”

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